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Managing Packages with Pip

Pip is a Pythom package manager. Many Python package documentation provide pip instructions that result in permission errors because by default pip will install in a system-wide location and fail.

Exception:
Traceback (most recent call last):
... ... stack trace ... ...
OSError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/apps/cent7/anaconda/2020.07-py38/lib/python3.8/site-packages/mkl_random-1.1.1.dist-info'

If you encounter this error, it means that you cannot modify the global Python installation. We recommend installing Python packages in a conda environment. Detailed instructions for installing packages with pip can be found in our Python package installation page.

Below we list some other useful pip commands.

  • Search for a package in PyPI channels:
    $ pip search packageName
    
  • Check which packages are installed globally:
    $ pip list
    
  • Check which packages you have personally installed:
    $ pip list --user
    
  • Snapshot installed packages:
    $ pip freeze > requirements.txt
    
  • You can install packages from a snapshot inside a new conda environment. Make sure to load the appropriate conda environment first.
    $ pip install -r requirements.txt
    

For more information about Python:

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